What is nose pain?
The term "nose pain" can cover a wide range of conditions, ranging from sinusitis to a broken nose to allergies. The key is the location of the pain, and the conditions under which the pain began. A pain confined to the nose itself could signify an injury such as a bruised or broken nose. More all-encompassing pain, usually located more behind the nose and in the sinuses, could be a sign of a sinus infection or seasonal allergies.
What causes it?
Nose pain can be due to:
A bruised or broken nose is the direct result of an injury, stemming from a physical activity.
Allergies occur when the immune system overreacts to the presence of an otherwise harmless trigger.
Sinusitis is the prolonged occurrence of allergy symptoms, which can lead to further problems, such as infections.
The sinuses are small cavities in your head that produce mucus to clear nasal passages. Usually filled with air, the tissue in sinus cavities can swell, trapping mucus and air inside the sinuses and causing pain and pressure.
Sinus pain is often caused by sinusitis (sinus infections).
Sinusitis can be caused by a cold or other allergies.
Sinus pain often occurs at the same time as sinus congestion and is sometimes mistaken for a tension headache.
If you have allergies or asthma that aren't treated, they can cause sinus pain.
For a broken nose, pain medication is prescribed and a nasal splint may be necessary to reset the bone.
Allergies and sinusitis treatment usually consist of identifying the underlying cause, along with antihistamines and decongestants.
Though the cause can be difficult to determine, there are several medications, home remedies and treatments to relieve sinus pain.
Drinking fluid that thins mucus and reduces sinus blockage decreases sinus pain. Breathing in steam eases congestion and swelling. Warm heat applied to your face relieves pressure.
Saline solutions, using a humidifier and flushing out sinuses with salt water can keep sinuses moist.
Symptoms of sinus pain – including tenderness around the eyes, nose and temples, ear aches, facial swelling and a stuffy nose – can be treated with home remedies as well as decongestants and pain relievers.
Antibiotics should only be used if the sinus pain is caused by a bacterial infection.Antihistamines or allergy shots can be used to treat sinuses affected by allergens.
Oral or nasal decongestants can be used temporarily to reduce sinus pain by lowering the amount of mucus in your sinus cavities. Inhaled steroids can reduce inflammation in sinuses to allow them to drain normally.
Sinus pain caused by blockage such as polyps can be eased by surgery to remove blockage and make your sinuses larger so they can drain easier.
Painkillers such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen can reduce sinus pain.
There are several natural treatments available for sinus pain to help alleviate discomfort.
Hydration (drinking extra liquids helps thin the mucus and keep it flowing).